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How Home Loan Eligibility is Fixed ?

Home Loan Eligibility
Home Loan Eligibility

One of the key concern of a Home Loan Borrower is Home Loan Eligibility. In one of my previous post on 6 Steps of Home Loan Process i highlighted 6 critical factors which impact Home Loan Eligibility. Many readers requested me to write a seperate post on Home Loan Eligibility. Let me admit that there is no scientific method to fix Home Loan Eligibility. If an Individual A apply for a Home Loan with 3 different banks, All 3 banks will fix different Home Loan Eligibility. The deviation is normally 5%-10% from mean. Private Banks and HFC’s are more liberal whereas PSU banks are strict. Home Loan Eligibility is fixed based on Risk Assessment of a Borrower by the Bank. Bank A might consider Borrower’s profile riskier compared to Bank B.

To understand the importance of Home Loan Eligibility, i would like to share case study of Mr Amit Sawant from Mumbai. Last month, he applied for online Home Loan through one of the leading banks. The online tool fixed Home Loan Eligibility as 85 Lakhs. Based on this he finalized property and paid token amount of 5 Lakhs to the seller. After bank evaluated his application, the final Home Loan Eligibility was 55 Lakhs. He had to cancel the deal and forego token amount. A word of caution from my end that online tools used by various banks for Home Loan application is provided by 1 vendor. These tools are just for lead generation. Though bank may claim to get Home Loan approved in 5 mins but Home Loan Eligibility fixed by online tool is only indicative. You should never go by the Home Loan Eligibility fixed through online Home Loan application tool.

Myths about Home Loan Eligibility

Some of the common myths are

(a) High CIBIL Score:  As i keep highlighting to my readers that high CIBIL Score does not mean Higher Home Loan Eligibility. CIBIL Score is only one of the criterion to decide the Home Loan Eligibility.

(b) High Income: Another myth is that my household income is high therefore my home loan eligibility will be high. What if, you are already serving Personal Loan & Car Loan or you have 5 dependents.

(c) No Default till date: If you never defaulted then your application will be taken favourably but it does not mean higher Home Loan amount.

(d) Credit Card: Another myth that since i never applied and used credit card therefore bank should lend me more. Its a misconception, rather good credit practices improve CIBIL Score. Application of a borrower with good credit card usage practice is taken more favourably then borrower with No credit history. Credit Card helps you to build good credit history.

(e) Agent/Bank Employee: In past, bank manager had sole discretion to fix Home Loan eligibility but gone are those days. Now all records are compuetrized and system takes all the decisions. Many of my readers are under impression that if they know any bank employee or sometimes Home Loan agent promise higher Home Loan Eligibility. Trust me “No One” can influence this process. Its a myth that if you know someone in the bank then your Home Loan will be approved with higher eligibility.

Factors which Influence Home Loan Eligibility

Critical Factors which influence Home Loan Eligibility are

(a) Income & Repayment Capacity: The most critical factor to fix Home Loan Eligibility. Through income statement, bank arrive at re-payment capacity of an individual. If your spouse is working, he/she can be co-borrower which will help to increase Home Loan Eligibility. Normally banks do reverse calculation i.e. bottoms-up approach to arrive at Home Loan Eligibility. The basic assumption is that a borrower can potentially pay 40%-50% of net take home salary as EMI maintaining basic standard of living. Another key point is that some times salaried class opt for reimbursements like medical, car hire, driver’s salary, fuel & maintenance cost and LTA. Banks don’t consider these components as salary/income so it is advisable not to opt for these reimbursement components if you wish to increase Home Loan Eligibility.

(b) Age: Financial Planners always suggest you to buy Home Loan at early age but they never tell Why?. Reason is while fixing Home Loan Tenure and Eligibility, banks consider no of working years left. A 45 year old Borrower will get Home Loan with max tenure of 15 years therefore it will reduce Home Loan Eligibility drastically. Early you apply higher will be the Home Loan Eligibility.

(c) Nature of Job and Job Stability: You will observe that certain professions or jobs like Police, Lawyers, off roll employees, frequent travelling job, temp staff or employees in high risk sectors, freelancers, Self Employed professionals etc find it next to impoosible to avail Home Loan. Banks insist on guarantor in such cases. Key concern of a bank is how to recover the loan in case of any eventuality. Nature of Job and Job Stability also play imp role in Home Loan Process.

(d) No of Dependents: More the No of Dependents, More the Liabilities thus Lower Home Loan Eligibility. Some banks conduct micro level profiling of a borrower to list major liabilities of a borrower in near future e.g. age of a kid is one such parameter. In such scenarios banks consider only 30%-35% of take home salary as repayment capacity for EMI payment.

(e) Existing Liabilities: Again going by the prinicple of repayment capacity, if you are already servicing any other loan like Personal loan or Car Loan then it will reduce your Home Loan Eligibility. Broadly bank will reduce EMI towards such loans from your repayment capacity to arrive at Home Loan Eligibility. It is always advisable to close existing loans especially unsecured loans before applying for Home Loan. It will increase Home Loan Eligibility.

(f) High Risk Zones: Though it might sound illogical but if the property is in high risk zones e.g. Seismic Zone V like Kutch area of Gujarat or North East, Tsunami prone area, Terrorist/Disturbed area, near Defence Establishments etc will impact Home Loan Eligibility.

(g) CIBIL Score: Last but not the least, High CIBIL Score means Low Risk thus Low probability of a payment default. CIBIL Score of more than 750 is considered as good CIBIL Score. For elite 800 + club, its a cake walk if rest all criterions are fulfilled. Even if all the criterions are favourable for Home Loan but CIBIL Score is Low, Bank will not approve Home Loan at any cost.

To Summarize, Home Loan Eligibility is fixed based on Risk Assessment of a Borrower by the Home Loan Provider. If a borrower fits into acceptable risk profile of a bank then bank will approve the Home Loan. Home Loan Eligibility will vary in each bank based on Risk Assessment. The definition of Risk Profile vary from bank to bank.

Hope you liked the post. Please feel free to post your queries and suggestions in following comments section. You can share this post with your friends and family members through social media icons.

Copyright © Nitin Bhatia. All Rights Reserved.

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Kaushik M
Kaushik M
9 years ago

Hi Nitin,
I went through your page while I was going for my home loan process. You have explained the things pretty. One thing I wanted to know that when someone applies for home loan does the co-applicant is also sent for Cibil scoring? Also once you start paying back EMI’s does it help in improving the CIBIL score of the co-applicant as well.

Nitin Bhatia
Nitin Bhatia
9 years ago
Reply to  Kaushik M

For joint home loan, CIBIL score of all the applicants is considered. In case of good payment track record, it will impact CIBIL score of all applicants positively.

Kaushik M
Kaushik M
9 years ago
Reply to  Nitin Bhatia

Thanks Nitin for the info. A friend of mine wanted this information and I didnt want to comment without having any information on the same. Have a good day.

sadhna
sadhna
9 years ago

Hi Nitin,
I have taken a loan of rs 5 Lakhs from Lic on behalf of my Lic Policy’s surrender value, will this affect my eligibility as it’s not required to pay any emi. What if they ask about the EMI, should i tell them?

Nitin Bhatia
Nitin Bhatia
9 years ago
Reply to  sadhna

Loan against LIC policy will not impact your Home Loan eligibility as it is secured loan provided you are paying your interest on time. As there is NO EMI therefore it is not mandatory to disclose the same.

Nagaraj
Nagaraj
9 years ago

What is advantage Home loan with Bank legally , if we unable pay EMI , what action taken by bank

YoGeSh ReDdY
YoGeSh ReDdY
9 years ago

hello sir,

I’m planing to take a home loan of amount 26 lacs. My monthly gross is around 40000 and I’m just 25 years. Could you please advice me which bank would be suitable for me. I’m preferring SBI, LIC HFL and ICICI. I spoke to some of the bank agents they say that SBI has hidden charges, not sure about their words. Could you please help me with your advice.

Nitin Bhatia
Nitin Bhatia
9 years ago
Reply to  YoGeSh ReDdY

I will suggest SBI or ICICI Bank.

Archan Pagedar
Archan Pagedar
8 years ago
Reply to  YoGeSh ReDdY

I also have SBI home loan for last 4 years but they have never charged me any hidden charges.

Sampath
Sampath
9 years ago

Hi Sir
I am looking for Home loan of amount 28 lacs ,My take home salary is Rs.47358/ and I have an existing personal loan Emi is 8728 and apart from that i have two emi in credit card ,but that is not deducting my bank . however it is getting in credit card stmt and am paying directly to credit card.

Now I need to close all the emi ‘s before going to the home loan or personal loan enough to close. Please suggest me.
Thanks,
Sampath

Nitin Bhatia
Nitin Bhatia
9 years ago
Reply to  Sampath

It depends on case to case basis. As i mentioned, generally it should help to increase your Home Loan eligibility.

Archan Pagedar
Archan Pagedar
8 years ago

Enquiry about SBI Maxgain Home Loan.

Dear Sir,

Is SBI Maxgain Home loan is considered as normal home loan?
Can I take its interest and principal payment in income tax rebate as normal home loan?

Thanks.

Nitin Bhatia
Nitin Bhatia
8 years ago
Reply to  Archan Pagedar

SBI Max Gain is regular Home Loan with all the benefits linked to any other Home Loan.

Chaitanya Naik
Chaitanya Naik
7 years ago

Sir,

Just wanted to know that, Will bank considers the Credit Card Outstanding/EMI’s while calculating Home loan eligibility?

Thanks
Chaitanya

Nitin Bhatia
Nitin Bhatia
7 years ago
Reply to  Chaitanya Naik

Yes. Bank will consider existing credit utilization to calculate home loan eligibility.

Smruti Ranjan Lenka
Smruti Ranjan Lenka
7 years ago

Hello Sir,
I am interested to buy a flat in a 3 storey house recently completed which belongs to one of my colleague. As a part of registration of ownership of flat, a % of plot will be registered to me too.
Is this illegal?
Am I eligible for home loan in such scenario?
What legal process can be done to avail home loan?

Nitin Bhatia
Nitin Bhatia
7 years ago

It seems that registration will be on undivided share. It is feasible. For home loan you may check with SBI.

Smruti Ranjan Lenka
Smruti Ranjan Lenka
7 years ago
Reply to  Nitin Bhatia

Thanks for the response Sir.

Smruti Ranjan Lenka
Smruti Ranjan Lenka
7 years ago
Reply to  Nitin Bhatia

Hello Sir,
I’d applied for home loan for the above case at ICICI and axis..both have rejected that they don’t fund such type of cases. As you have suggested sbi..was that for a reason?

Nitin Bhatia
Nitin Bhatia
7 years ago

No. The due diligence of SBI is more reliable compared to others but it ICICI & Axis have already rejected then i doubt that SBI will approve the same.

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